Multi-timeframe analysis is the process of combining different periods in the financial market before you make a trading decision. It is one of the most important aspects that all day traders and swing traders use.
The idea is relatively simple. Before you initiate a trade, you take time to look at how the charts look like in most timelines. Most day traders start by looking at the overall long-term chart like a daily one. They then look at the four-hour chart, down to hourly, and 5-minute chart.
Doing this can help you in several ways. First, it can help you identify the overall flow of an asset. Second, it can help you identify key levels of support and resistance, as shown in the chart below.
For example, in the chart below, the level shown in red may not look important on the hourly chart. However, it is an important resistance on the four-hour chart.
Third, multi-timeframe analysis can help you identify areas of putting stop-loss and take-profit. And finally, this type of analysis can help you identify key chart patterns.
For example, in the weekly chart below, we see that the ETH/USD was forming a cup and handle pattern. This is usually a bullish pattern that leads to a continuation. However, when you look at the hourly or four-hour chart, this pattern will not be easy to identify.
The need to check multiple time frames
Most trading systems will let you shift between a 1 minute charts to yearly charts. The challenge for any trader is to find the best time frame to use based on his strategy.
We had this challenge as well.
This is because in a hourly chart, the chart’s moving average might be heading higher but in a daily chart, the moving average is moving up. In addition, the average directional index might be at 34 in the daily chart but be 19 in the one hour chart.
In fact, all technical indicators will show different results when used in certain times.
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How to Identify the best timeframe
A common challenge among day traders is about how to identify the right timeframe. In fact, many people have given-up on their dreams of being traders because of lack of knowledge about this.
Are you a swing trader, day trader, or long-term trader?
A swing trader is a person who opens trades and holds them for a few days. Their goal is to identify patterns and then buy or short an asset for a while.
In most cases, swing traders use a hourly, four-hour, or even daily charts. In most cases, using a weekly chart will not make sense.
Day Trader and Scalper
A day trader is one who opens and closes trades within a day. There are two main types of day traders.
First, there are scalpers, who are people who initiate a trade and then close it abruptly after they make a small profit. These traders use charts whose timeframe is below 10 minutes.
Therefore, their multi-timeframe analysis can be to examine a 15-minute, 10-minute, 5-minute, and then 1-minute charts.
Second, there are day traders whose goal is to hold a trade for several minutes. Their biggest goal is to ensure that all trades are closed by the time they go to bed. A multi-timeframe analysis in this case can be to look at a daily-chart, four-hour chart, and then a hourly chart.
Third, there are long-term traders who focus on buying or shorting an asset and then holding the trade for days or months. For these, this analysis can be looking at a monthly, weekly, daily, and then hourly charts.
To determine the charts to use, you must understand the trader that you are and then use the respective chart.
→Learn when to enter and exit a trading position
Multi Time Frame Analysis as a long Term Traders
Remember that it is possible to make money in any way. For long term traders, they need to use the long term chart such as weekly or monthly charts. They don’t care what happens during the intraday. All they care about is what will happen in a certain week or month.
If they are bullish about a certain asset, they understand that the path to higher levels will not be smooth. In certain days, the charts will go high while in other days, the charts will go down. The advantage of having a long term view is that it allows one to have the bigger picture and also avoid huge transactional costs in terms of profits.
For such a trader, they will focus mostly on the daily, weekly, and monthly charts.
In addition, since long-term traders look at the bigger picture, they are less worried about what the next economic data will be. They have factored this in their bull or bear case.
Multi Time Frame Analysis as a Swing Traders
The other category is on swing traders. These are people who have a medium term view of the market. They care about the asset classes that they own.
For a swing trader, the monthly chart will be irrelevant. This is because they don’t care about the long-term view of the asset, they are only interested in knowing how a trade will move within a day or two.
Therefore, these traders use the hourly and daily charts. By doing this kind of analysis, they will have a clear picture of what will happen.
Multi Time Frame Analysis as a Day Trader
Finally, there are intraday traders who open trades and close them within minutes. The benefit of being an intraday trader is that it reduces the costs (swaps) of overnight trading. It also allows one to make money when the price dips and when it moves up.
For these traders, the hourly and minutes charts are relevant. It’s of no use to understand how the market will behave in the next week or month.
Multi-timeframe analysis is an important thing for all traders. In fact, many professionals in the industry use it every day. Before you open a trade, we recommend that you look at a chart in several timelines. This will help you avoid making mistakes and identifying some points of interests.