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Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) & Venture Exchange (TSX-V)

The TMX Group consists of the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) and Toronto Venture Exchange (TSX-V). The difference between TSX and TSX-V is in the listing requirements: TSX focuses on senior issuers, and TSX-V focuses on early-stage companies looking to access growth capital.

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Currency: Canadian Dollar (CAD)
Time Zone: UTC -05:00

Stock Market Hours & Holiday

Trading Summary

Both TSX and TSX-V trade on the TSX Quantum XA platform, delivering a world-class exchange platform. For more information, see the TMX Quantum XA page.

Order Types

Note: not all order types are available for every gateway.

  • Limit Buy/Sell→ShortSell (Day/FOK/IOC)
  • Limit on Open (LOO) Buy/Sell→ShortSell
  • Market Buy/Sell→ShortSell (Day/FOK)
  • Market-on-Close (MOC) & Market-on-Open (MOO) Buy/Sell→ShortSell
  • Pegged Midpoint/Market/Primary Buy/Sell→ShortSell
  • Reserve Limit Buy/Sell→ShortSell (Day)

Available ATS

  • Aequitas
  • Alpha
  • Chi-X Canada
  • CX2
  • Lynx
  • MaATCHNow
  • OmegaATS
  • Pure
  • TMX Select

Basic Market Rules

  • Lot Size: varies by price, as follows:
Price Range (CAD) Lot Size
up to 0.10 1,000
0.10 up to 1.00 500
1.00 and up 100
  • Tick Size: varies by price, as follows:
Price Range (CAD) Tick Size (CAD)
up to 0.50 0.005
0.50 and up 0.010
  • Short Sale Rules: short sell orders must be marked. Naked short selling is prohibited except intraday.
  • Circuit Breakers: for Canadian markets, circuit breakers are tied to movements of the Dow Jones Industrial Average, or the S&P/TSX Composite (when the US markets are closed), as defined on the Circuit Breakers Levels page.

Auction Mechanisms

The TSX and TSX-V markets employ similar opening and closing mechanisms, further details of which can be found in the Order Types and Functionality Guide. Note that the following information applies to trading on the primary exchange. The mechanisms on ATSs and MTFs may vary.

Open

The pre-opening session runs from 07:00 - 09:30. During this session, orders can be entered and cancelled but no matching will occur. The Calculated Opening Price (COP) is displayed and continuously updated. At the open (09:30) all matching orders are executed at a single opening trade price with remaining orders left on the continuous limit order book.

Continuous Trading

TSX and TSX Venture operate a real-time, continuous auction market that matches individual orders with continual price discovery from 9:30 am to 4:00 am in the central limit order book (CLOB). This period is referred to as the Regular Session. All regular order types are accepted during this session. During the regular session, orders are individually displayed in the CLOB. Displayed portions of CLOB orders are given trading priority based on price/broker/time priority. Broker priority does not apply if either side has marked their order Anonymous or Jitney.

Close

The closing price is defined by the following closing auction mechanism:

Auction means an auction conducted in a trading platform to match the Central Limit Order book with any orders in the closing order book.

  • a) Market-On-Close (MOC) Market orders shall trade with offsetting MOC Market Orders entered by the same Participating Organization (PO), according to time priority, provided that neither order is an unattributed or jitney order; then
  • b) MOC Market Orders shall trade with the offsetting MOC Market Orders, according to time priority; then
  • c) MOC Market Orders shall trade with offsetting limit orders (LOC or disclosed volume of continuous orders) entered by the same PO, according to price/time priority, provided that neither order is an unattributed or jitney order; then
  • d) MOC Market Orders shall trade with offsetting limit orders (LOC on continuous) according to price/time priority; then
  • e) Limit orders shall trade with the disclosed volume of offsetting limit orders entered by the same PO, according to price/time priority, provided that neither order is an unattributed or jitney order; then
  • f) Limit orders shall trade with the offsetting limit orders according to price/time priority.

MOC orders are priced at “market” and will only execute at the MOC calculated closing price. MOC orders are entered into the MOC book between 7:00 am - 3:40 pm and are queued in time priority. MOC orders cannot be cancelled after the imbalance is published at 3:40 pm and may be board lot, mixed lot or odd lot sized orders with regular settlement terms. MOC orders may be marked short, for jitney purposes, and/or anonymous.

Limit on Close (LOC) orders are limit orders that will only trade at the calculated closing price. LOC orders may be board lot, mixed lot or odd lot sized orders. LOC orders are accepted prior to the imbalance publication on either side of the order book without restrictions on their limit price.

Auction Periods

1. Pre-Imbalance (07:00 - 15:40)

  • Continuous trading occurs, where bids and offers may be entered, amended, or cancelled
  • Market-On-Close (MOC) orders may be entered, amended, and cancelled
  • No imbalance orders will be matched

After the published imbalance (from 3:40 – 4:00 pm), LOC orders are only accepted subject to the following restrictions.

  • a. the order must be on the opposite side of the imbalance,
  • b. the order’s volume must not exceed the published imbalance, and
  • c. must be within PME % of the last board lot sale price.

Between 4:00 pm and 4:10 pm, if a PME extension is necessary due to price volatility, LOC orders are only accepted subject to the following restrictions.

  • a. the order must be on the opposite side of the imbalance,
  • b. the order’s volume must not exceed the published imbalance, and
  • c. must be within CPA % of the last board lot sale price.

2. Post-Imbalance (15:40 - 16:00)

  • Limit-On-Close (LOC) orders may be entered, amended, or cancelled under the following conditions:
    • LOC order must be on the opposite side of the imbalance
    • LOC order must not exceed the size of the published imbalance
    • LOC order must be within 3%-TSX and 5%-TSX-V of last sale price
  • LOC bids and offers retain their ranking in price/time priority
  • Regular limit bid and offers still open and not executed at 16:00 may compete equally with LOC orders. These limit bids/offers are classified as ‘CLOB’ orders. The non-displayed portions of CLOB orders (icebergs) are allocated last relative to other CLOB or LOC orders at the same price. Dark orders do not participate.
  • No ‘On-Close’ bids or offers will be matched

3. Calculated Closing Price (CCP) (16:00)

  • Closing auction is conducted
  • No bids or offers may be entered, amended, or cancelled
  • Auction imbalance orders are matched and the CCP is calculated
  • If CCP violates a price parameter of 3%-TSX and 5%-TSX-V against the last sale, a price movement extension occurs which allows for further imbalance orders to be entered

3b. Price Movement Extension (PME) (16:00 - 16:10)

  • Only limit orders opposing the remaining imbalance may be entered to participate the PME Close

3c. Price Movement Extension Close (16:10)

  • A second closing auction is conducted to offset remaining imbalance
  • Bids or offers are matched against the MOC book
  • No bids or offers may be entered, but may be cancelled

Order Types: traders may enter Market-On-Close orders prior to the 3:40 pm publishing of the imbalance, after which only Limit-On-Close and regular limit orders opposing the imbalance will be accepted to participate in the closing auction.

See Also

tsx.txt · Last modified: 2017/03/07 16:17 (external edit)